In the original print publication of The Pennsylvania Settlement, the footnotes were provided per the column on the left, with deeper references to each work provided as we have displayed here on the right. Because this online version of the book facilitated the hover over implementation of footnotes, we were able to combine the shorter references (left) with the more detailed information about the source (right). We are providing this information here so that all the information is available in one view.


1 The Wednesday Academy is a group of local women who have met weekly since 2003 to learn and to discuss topics the group has chosen to study. Bonnie Riley is teacher and mentor to the group. The Wednesday Academy is the second  such  group, the first being the Tuesday Academy which began studying with Bonnie Riley thirty years ago. Doris “Granny D” Haddock was a member of the Tuesday group until 2003 when she attended classes with the Wednesday Academy. It was from discussions at the Tuesday Academy that Doris Haddock developed the idea of her walk across America.

2   ” Art Colony, Formative period in Europe.”

3 “Art Colony, Formative period in Europe.”

Daley, A8.

5 “Art Colony, American colonies.”

6  “Art Colony, American colonies.”

de Martelly, “Tribute.”14.

8 R. Milbank, Olivia Rodham. 6.

9 R. Milbank, Olivia  Rodham. 3.

10 Struthers. 231.

11 R. Milbank, Olivia Rodham. 17

12 “Interview #3 with Helen Kirkpatrick Milbank.”

13 R. Milbank, “This I Believe: Thy Will Be Done.”

14 “Interview #3 with Helen Kirkpatrick Milbank.”

1s R. Milbank, “This I Believe: Thy Will Be Done.”

16 H. Kirkpatrick, “Biographical Note.”

17 Miall.

1s H. Kirkpatrick, ” Biographical Note.”

19 Sorel. 13.

20  R. Milbank, Olivia Rodham. 5.

21  R. Milbank, Olivia Rodham. 4.

22 R. Milbank, Olivia Rodham. 5. (Quoted: Friends’ Intelligencer· Ninth Month, 4, 1920.)

23  P. White.

24  P. White.

2s R. Milbank, Olivia Rodham. 7

26 “About the Foundation.”

27 Struthers. 228.

28 “Lightfoot Manuscripts.”

29 Struthers. 228.

30 “Henry Winchester Rolfe, M.A .”

31 “Report of Union District,” Reports … 1879-1880. 5.

32 “Report of Union District,” Reports …  18880-1881. 3.

33 Rodham, “Papers 1910-1969.”

34 “Egbert Family History,” Obituary of Dr. Seneca Egbert. (From Evening Public Ledger, Philadel­phia, 6 Dec.1939.) Web. Aug. 2011.

35 “Egbert Family History,” Obituary of Dr Seneca Egbert.

36 Egbert, “Pure Water.”

37 Greiff.

38 Egbert, “Hygienic Value of the Bicycle.”

39 “Egbert Family History,” Dr. David Egbert Sparks

40 Nolan. 39.

41 Struthers. 228.

42 “Changing the Face of Medicine.”

43 Fortnightly Ignorance Club Papers.”

44 Papers of Sarah Dolley,” University of Rochester Medical Center Web. Sept. 2011.

45 “History of the Old Fort.”

46  Anderson.

 47 Dolley, “Science Teaching in Schools.”

48 de Martelly, “Tribute.”

49   J  de Martelly.

50  J  de Martelly.

51  Johanne de Martelly is certain the information on the AskART website came from her biography  of her grandmother. Before her biography was written there was no information available online about Ma­rie Spaeth.

52   “Marie Haughton Spaeth.”

53 de Martelly, “Tribute.” 17

54 Henry Spackman Pancoast (1858-1928) was born in Germantown, PA to a Quaker family. He was admitted to the bar in 1882 and was the founder of the Indian Rights Association, a  group  dedicated to the well-being and acculturation of the Native Americans. He was the author of several books on the Indians and on English literature. See “Quaker Roots.” Sept. 2011.

55 Sticht.

56 Putzel. 3.

57 “Education: Spaeth to Kansas City.”

58 “Education: Spaeth to Kansas City.”

59 National Rowing Foundation “U.S. National Rowing Hall of Fame.”

60 “Education: Spaeth to Kansas City.”

61 “Education: The Buzzer.” Time Magazine 2 June 1952. Web. Sept. 2011.

62 Seniors’ Faculty Songs were ballads, irreverent though never mean, composed by graduating se­niors about their professors and sung annually each spring, beginning in 1895, on the steps of Nassau Hall. (“Princetoniana.”)

63 Alexander Leitch. “Hall, Walter Phelps .” A Princeton Companion. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978. Web. Sept. 2011.

64 “Education : The Buzzer.”

65 Alexander Leitch. “Hall, Walter Phelps.”

66 Alexander Leitch. “Hall, Walter Phelps.”

67 Ethan Tolman. “Nelson Summer Residents: Walter Hall and Mike Hall,” included with personal reminiscences donated to Nelson’s Olivia Rodham Memorial Library and held with Walter Hall’s Empire to Commonwealth 1928.

68 J. de Martelly.

69 Putzel.

70 “Music: Tune Detective.” Time Magazine 22 August 1932. Web. Aug. 2011.

71 J de Martelly.

72  John S. de Martelly: A Retrospective Exhibition. 2

73  Zink.

74   Zink.

75 “John de Martelly Biography.”

76 John S. de Martelly: A Retrospective. Theodore Baldwin introduction. 11.

n John S. de Martelly: A Retrospective. Theodore Baldwin introduction. 11.

78 John S. de Martelly: A Retrospective. Artist’s state­ment. 5.

79 John Henry Twachtman (1853-1902) was an American artist who studied in Paris from 1883 to 1886, and a member of “The Ten,” a group of ten progressive American artists, part of a movement led by Thomas Eakins, Mary Cassatt, John Singer Sargent, James McNeill Whistler and Winslow Homer. The Ten were Childe Hassam, J Alden Weir, John Henry Twachtman, Robert Reid, Willard Metcalf, Frank Weston Benson, Edmund Charles Tarbell, Thomas Wilmer Dewing, Joseph de Camp and Edward Simmons. See “Ten American Painters.”

80  Mr. White phoned from his home in London, to discuss his recollection of Margaret Redmond and her garden. He is himself writing his memoirs of  his many years coming to Nelson.

81 Morgan. Monadnock Living Section: 19.

82 Ralph Adams Cram, considered the “high priest of American neo-gothic,” was born in Hampton Falls, NH in 1863 and became a well-known Boston architect who “sought worth and permanence in the glories of the medieval past, by breathing new life specifically into church and college architecture in America.” Though he died in 1942, the Cram & Fer­guson firm survives today. (See: Wall.)

83 Brewster. 30.

84 “Noted Stained Glass Artist Dies at 82.”

85 Prudden.



“Art Colony, American colonies.” Wikipedia. Web. Dec. 2011.
“Art Colony, Formative period in Europe.” Wikipedia. Web. Dec. 2011.}Daley, Suzanne. “Keeping Abloom the Inspiration for Masterpieces.” New York Times 26 July 2011, NY ed: AS. Print.
Grapevine. Town of Nelson newsletter. Dec. 2008-present is available at, under “Nelson Life.” Earlier issues are stored in Town ar chives.
“Indian Rights Association.” Wikipedia. Web. 29 Dec. 2011.
“Quaker Roots.” Roots Web. Web. Aug. 2011. <http:/ / ~quakers/>.
Shipp, Steve. American Art Colonies 1850-1930. West­port: Greenwood Press, 1996. Print.
Struthers, Parke Hardy, ed. A History of Nelson New Hampshire, 1767-1967 Keene: Sentinel Printing, 1968. Contains references to the Pennsylvania Settlement colonists.


de Martelly, Johanne. “A Tribute to the Artist, Ma­rie Haughton Spaeth, 1870-1937” August 1992-March 1993, © 1993, 1998. MS.
de Martelly, Johanne, descendant of J. D. and Marie H. Spaeth and John S. de Martelly. Research materials and interviews.
de Martelly, Michael, descendant of J.D. and Marie H. Spaeth and John S. de Martelly. Access to paint­ings of Marie Spaeth, art of John S. de Martelly, other research materials.
“Education: Spaeth to Kansas City.” Time Magazine, 13 April 1936. Web. 5 Sept. 2011.
“J Duncan Spaeth Collection, 1865-1957 ” Princeton University Library, Manuscripts Division. Web. Sept. 2011.
“John de Martelly Biography.” John de Martelly: Available Work. Kiechel Fine Art, Artist Detail. Kiech­elart. Web. Sept. 2011.
John S. de Martelly: A Retrospective Exhibition. Kresge Art Center, Michigan State University 3 April 1970. Privately printed.
“Marie Haughton Spaeth.” Ask.ART Web. Jan. 2011. (April 2012: information no longer available on public portion of website.)
“Music: Tune Detective.” Time Magazine 22 Aug. 1932. Web. Aug. 2011.
Putzel, Henry Jr. “Our Write Wing: The Authors of Nelson.” Grapevine Feb. 1992. (Nelson newsletter, held in Town archives.) Print.
Sticht, Thomas G. (Tom). “Seven Pioneering Adult Literacy Educators in the History of Teaching Reading with Adults in the United States.” National Adult Literacy Base 13 Feb. 2005. Web. Sept. 2011.
“U.S. National Rowing Hall of Fame, Coaches” National Rowing Foundation. Web. May 2012.
White, Bruce. Telephone interview.
Zink, Vic. “John S. de Martelly.” John Stockton de Martelly, 1903-1979. Gaylord: Mid-North Printing, 1990. Print.


Anderson, Nancy. “American Impressionism and Realism.” National Gallery of Art (Margaret and Ray­mond Horowitz Collection). Exhibition 24 Jan.-9 May 1999. Web. Sept. 2011.
“Changing the Face of Medicine: Dr. Sarah Read Adamson Dolley.” National Library of Medicine. Web. Sept. 2011.
“Dr. Sarah R Adamson Dolley.” Western New York Suffragists. Winning the Vote, Rochester Regional Library Council. Web. Sept. 2011.

Dolley, Charles. “Science Teaching in the Schools.” Keynote Address to Avalon Summer Assembly. Sections quoted in Science Magazine 9 June 1893. Web. Jan. 2011.
“Fortnightly Ignorance Club Papers, The, 1881- 1891.” University of Rochester, River Campus Libraries, Rare Books. Web. Sept. 2011.
Greiff, Constance M. “Independence – The Creation of a National Park.” The National Park Service. Web. 20 Aug. 2011. < >
“History of the Old Fort, A.” The Club at Old Fort Bay. Old Fort Bay Company Limited. Web. Sept. 2011.
“Papers of Sarah Dolley.” University of Rochester Medical Center. Web. Sept. 2011.


Bredin, Rae Sloan.”Artist Profile.” HL Chalfant. Web. Aug. 2011.
“Egbert Family History.” William and Rebecca (Job) Egbert Family Genealogy Section D. Web. 18 Sept. 2011. < /Section_D William&Rebecca_Egbert_Stories. html>.
Egbert, Seneca. “Hygienic Value of the Bicycle.” Popular Science Monthly Vol. 43, Sept. 1893. Web. Sept. 2011.
Egbert, Seneca. “Pure Water for Philadelphia.”
New Jersey Forester Vol. 1, Issue 3, 1 May 1898. Link and comment: bobpbx. “Dodged a Bullet.” NJ
Pine Barrens Forum 26 April 2011. Web. Aug. 2011.
< http:/ / dodged-a-bullet.7170 I>.
Nolan, Edward James. “Short History of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.” Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Dec. 1909. Web. Aug. 2011. (See”Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University” at Wikipedia for current information.)
“Reviews: Three American Books on Hygiene.” British Medical Journal Vol. l, No. 3497, 14 January 1928: 58. Web. Aug . 2011.


“Education: The Buzzer.” Time Magazine 2 June 1952. Web. Sept. 2011.
Kubik, Jan. “Committee Home Page: Faculty Song.” (Adapted from Leitch .) Princetoniana 3 May 2001. Web. Sept. 2011. <http:/ /­ ultysong.asp >.
Leitch, Alexander. “Hall, Walter Phelps.” A Princeton Campus Companion. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1978. Web. Sept. 2011.
Tolman, Ethan. “Nelson Summer Residents: Wal­ter Hall and Mike Hall.” MS held with Walter Hall, Empire to Commonwealth (1928), at the Olivia Rodham Memorial Library, Nelson, NH. Print.


“About the Foundation.” The Christopher Ludwick Foundation. Web. Oct. 2011.
“Lightfoot Manuscripts, 1737-ca. 1948.” Swarthmore Library Archives. Friends Historical Library of Swarth­more College. Web. Aug. 2011.


“Biographical Note.” Helen Paull Kirkpatrick Papers, 1930-1998. Five College Archives and Manuscripts Collection, Sophia Smith Collection. Web. 31 Aug. 2011.
“Interview #3 with Helen Kirkpatrick Milbank.” Anne Kasper, Interviewer. Session 3, 5 April 1990: 95. Women in Journalism. Washington Press Club Founda­tion Oral History Project. Recorded. Web. Aug. 2011.
Miall, Leonard. “Obituary· Helen Kirkpatrick Milbank.” Independent 8 Jan. 1998. Web. Aug. 2011.
Milbank, Robbins. Olivia Rodham. Peterborough: Trustees of the Olivia Rodham Memorial Library, 1964. Print.
Milbank, Robbins. “This I Believe: Thy Will Be Done.” Essay. Bob Edwards Show. Public Radio International 30 October 2009. Web. Aug. 2011.
Sorel, Nancy Caldwell. The Women Who Wrote the War New York: Harper Collins, 2000. Print.


Brewster, Joan Jessop. The Stained Glass of All Saints’ All Saints’ Parish Church, Peterborough, New Hampshire. Peterborough: All Saints’ Parish, 2001. Print.
“Catalogue.” Boston Tercentenary Fine Arts and Crafts Exhibition. July 1930: 35. Web. Sept. 2011. <http:/ / bostontercentena00bost#page/ n3/mode/ 2up>.
Morgan, Elinor. “Nelson Stained Glass Artist Found Her Niche.” Keene Sentinel 16 Aug. 1990, Monadnock Living Section. Print.
“Noted Stained Glass Artist Dies at 82.” Photocopy of unidentified news clipping of Margaret Redmond obituary, datelined “Nelson, East” with penned “1948” note. Town of Nelson archives. Print.
Prudden, Elizabeth B. “History Written in Glass.” Christian Science Monitor 30 June 1931. 6. Print.
“Ten American Painters.” Wikipedia. Sept. 2011.
Wall, Richard. “High Priest of American Neo-Goth­ic: Ralph Adams Cram.” Lew 13 May 2006. Web. Sept. 2011.


“Obituary, Olivia Rodham.” Friends’ Intelligencer Ninth Month, 4, 1920. Quoted in R. Milbank. Print.Milbank, Robbins. Olivia Rodham. Peterborough: Trustees of the Olivia Rodham Memorial Library, 1964. Print.
Rodham, Olivia. “Papers 1910-1969.” Archived at Historical Society of Cheshire County, Keene, NH. Print.
White, Pamela. “New Life for the Old Library.”
Town of Nelson, Library History. Web. Sept. 2011.


“American Impressionism and Realism.” National Gallery of Art, Margaret and Raymond Horowitz Collection. Web. Sept. 2011.
“Henry Winchester Rolfe Papers, 1900-1940.” Archive of California. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http:/ /www.>.
“Report of Union District.” Reports of the Board of Education in the Union District for 1879-1880. Keene: Sentinel Printing, 1881. 5. Conserved at Historical Society of Cheshire County, Keene, NH.
“Report of Union District.” Reports of the Board of Education in the Union District for 1880-1881 Keene: Sentinel Printing, 1882. 3. Conserved at Historical Society of Cheshire County, Keene, NH.
Rolfe, H. W. “The Antigone at Stanford University.” Antigone: An Account of the Presentation San Francisco: Paul Elder, 1903. 1-4. Web. Sept. 2011. <http:/ / antigoneaccounto00stanrich#page/ n11/mode/ 2up>.
Rolfe, Henry Winchester. “Henry Winchester Rolfe, M.A.” Biographical Record of Amherst College Grads and Non-Grads 1871-1896: 162. Web. Oct. 2011.
“Rolfe, Henry Winchester b. 1858.” Cornell University Library. Web. Sept. 2011. <http:/ /cornell.worldcat. org/wcidentities/lccn-nr99-36638>.